Incoterms 2010即将发布

上周,外贸课堂豆瓣小组里有人问及INCOTERMS 2010版的事情,我才意识到,一晃十年过去,国际商会又该为《国际贸易术语解释通则》改版了。

不在国际贸易行业中的人,可能对INCOTERMS不是很了解,这里,我想趁即将发布新版Incoterms之际,翻译一组网络上公布的关于INCOTERMS2010的文章,用来说一说它的来龙去脉。有翻译不当之处,请多指教。以下这篇,来自这里

“The Incoterms rules are a perfect example of an efficient standardization of an international business tool. Their day-to-day use in international sales contracts brings legal certainty to business transaction while simplifying the drafting of international contracts.”Incoterms

对国际贸易中普遍使用的贸易术语提供了一套完美、有效的解释标准。在日常的使用中,这一规则为国际买卖合同带来确定的法律性,同时简化了国际合同的起草工作。

Emmanuel Jolivet
General Counsel of the International Court of Arbitration

国际法庭法律总顾问

What are INCOterms?

什么是INCOterms?

INCOterms, short for “International Commercial Terms,” are international rules that are universally accepted by governments, legal authorities and practitioners for the interpretation of the most commonly used terms in international trade. Their purpose is to reduce or eliminate any discrepancies that might occur in the interpretations of such terms.

INCOterms是International Commercial Terms(国际贸易术语)的简称。在国际贸易中,它是一个被政府、法律部门、从业人员所普遍接受的最常用的术语解释。其目的是减少或消除对这些术语可能产生的任何争议。

INCOterms rules primarily describe the tasks, costs and risks involved in the delivery of goods, with the exception of intangibles, from sellers to buyers.

INCOterms主要描述买方和卖方除无形资产外的责任、成本以及运输货物的风险。

Who is responsible for changes in INCOterms?

谁负责INCOterms的修改?

Revisions are conducted by an international drafting committee of eight experts appointed by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC).

修改是由ICC(国际商会)指定的八名专家所组成的起草委员会指挥完成的。

Throughout the 2.5 year revision process, these international business and legal experts considered more than two thousand recommendations from many of the 130+ countries with which the ICC has a relationship.  As a result, the 2010 version is vastly improved, specifically addressing the needs of users around the world.

与ICC有着合作关系的130多个国家的国际商务和法律专家们,考虑了两千多条建议,历经两年半的修改,最终,使得2010年版获得了极大的改进,明确地满足了世界各地使用者的需要。

What is the significance of INCOterms 2010?

INCOterms 2010的意义

To keep up with the rapid expansion of world trade and globalization, the INCOterms rules are revised about once a decade.

为了跟上快速发展的世界贸易和全球化,INCOterms每隔十年修改一次。

On January 1, 2011 a comprehensive revision of ICC’s Incoterms rules applying to billions of dollars of business transactions will come into effect, a major step in helping international trade professionals ensure legal certainty and save both time and money.

2011年1月1日,全面修订的国际商会国际贸易术语的规则将正式生效,它将适用于数十亿美元的商业交易,将有助于国际贸易专业人员在法律的确定性和节省时间和金钱方面迈出重要的一步。

What is new about INCOterms 2010?

INCOterms2010有些什么新变化?

Since the last revision in 2000, much has changed in global trade, and the current revision will take into account all of the following issues:

自从上一个2000年版发布以来,全球贸易发生了巨大的变化,目前的版本将考虑以下议题:

  • Post-9/11 cargo security regulations
  • 911恐怖事件发生后货物的安全条例;
  • The 2004 revision of the United States’ Uniform Commercial Code
  • 美国于2004年修订了统一商法典;
  • New Institute Cargo Insurance Clauses
  • 新的协会货物保险条款颁布;
  • Replacement of paper documents with electronic ones
  • 电子版代替纸质文件;
  • Delivery, with respect to revenue recognition compliance
  • 涉及核实营业收入的交付。(Pin注:这一句有待商榷)

“Featuring two new rules, the INCOterms 2010 edition will reflect advances in international trade over the last decade, and is an essential tool for trade. Used in both international and domestic contracts for the sale of goods, the rules simplify the drafting of such contracts and help avoid misunderstandings by clearly setting out certain obligations of buyers and sellers,” ICC said.

ICC表示:“两个新的规则的特点在于INCOterms 2010版会反映国际贸易在过去的十年间的发展,而且,它是贸易的一个基本的工具,被广泛运用于国际和国内的销售合同中。它简化了这类合同的起草,减少了买卖双方的误解,清楚地界定了买卖双方的义务。”

Where can I attend an INCOterms 2010 seminar?

在哪里参加INCOterms 2010的研讨会

To learn more about the INCOterms 2010 seminar in Pittsburgh on October 28, 2010,please click here.

欲了解更多10月28日将于匹兹堡举办的INCOterms 2010研讨会,请点击这里

To find an event in other parts of the U.S., or for additional informaiton about INCOterms 2010 from the ICC website, please click here

如想从ICC的网站上了解美国以外地区的或者更多关于INCOterms2010的信息,请点击这里

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