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Rural pension system gains wide approval
养老金体制广受欢迎

The establishment of a pension system in the Chinese countryside has put end to the old life style of 900 million Chinese farmers who used to be entirely dependent on their offspring after retirement, said a report in the Economic Daily.
《经济日报》有报道称:中国农村建立的养老金体制结束了以往九亿农民在丧失了劳动力后光靠子女赡养的旧有模式。

When the Ministry of Civil Affairs set up the pension system in rural China on a trial basis in 1991, it did not draw much attention. Few people believe that Chinese famers would accept the new system.
1991年,当民政部开始在农村建立养老金体制试点时,并没有引起太多关注。没有人认为农民会接受这种体制。

However, when farmers began to understand what the system really meant to them, acceptance in the countryside was quick and widespread.
尽管如此,当农民们开始意识到这种体制非常重要的时候,他们很快就接受了。

China’s traditional social welfare system covers only the workers in State enterprises and government department.Guanranteed welfare benefits such as job security, adequate income, and pensions apply to less than 20 per cent of the labor force, and do not reach the rural sector.
中国传统的社会福利体系仅针对国企及政府部门,只保障工作和收入都稳定的人群。这仅占到劳动人口的20%,也不能使农村受益。

For thousands of years, Chinese farmers have retired on nothing. They have had to depend heavily on their sons and daughters both financially and emotionally in their late years. For this reason, Chinese farmers attach much importance to bearing a lot of children, for they believe the more children they have, the greater security they will enjoy.
千百年来,中国农民老所无依。不论是经济上还是情感上,他们的晚年生活,不得不依赖自己的子女。因此,中国农民才会认为多生孩子是头等大事,因为他们相信子女越多,晚年越有保障。

However, the old model has not been working very well, as the values of the younger generation in the countryside have been changing in recent decades.
但是,老的模式已经不再受用,近20年来,农村的年轻一代已经改变了很多。

With less and less help coming from their children, the farmers are realizing that the rural pension is there to provide them the security and support they now need as the old system weakens.
农民们意识到子女能帮自己的越来越少,如今他们可以从养老金那里得到旧体制里得不到的保障。

 

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